CASE STUDY 2023 - SAMPLE QUESTIONS (2023)

SAMPLE QUESTIONS FOR RECOMMENDATION SYSTEMS

  1. What is the difference between supervised and unsupervised learning in machine learning?
  2. How do decision trees work in a recommendation system?
  3. What is the purpose of a recommendation system?
  4. Explain the concept of collaborative filtering in a recommendation system.
  5. What are the different types of recommendation systems?
  6. How does a recommendation system use natural language processing?
  7. What is the difference between a content-based recommendation system and a collaborative-based recommendation system?
  8. Explain the concept of matrix factorization in recommendation systems.
  9. How do recommendation systems handle the cold-start problem?
  10. What is the role of artificial neural networks in recommendation systems?
  1. Supervised learning is a type of machine learning where the model is trained using labeled data, while unsupervised learning is a type of machine learning where the model is trained using unlabeled data. (1 point)
  2. Decision trees are a type of algorithm used in recommendation systems to make predictions based on a set of rules. The algorithm starts with a single root node, which branches into multiple sub-nodes based on the characteristics of the data. (1 point)
  3. The purpose of a recommendation system is to suggest items to users that they may be interested in, based on their previous behavior or preferences. (1 point)
  4. Collaborative filtering is a method used in recommendation systems to make predictions about a user's preferences based on the preferences of similar users. This can be done by using techniques such as k-nearest neighbors or matrix factorization. (1 point)
  5. Types of recommendation systems include content-based, collaborative-based, and hybrid systems. (1 point)
  6. In a recommendation system, natural language processing can be used to analyze the text of reviews or descriptions of items to understand the content and make suggestions based on that. (1 point)
  7. Content-based recommendation systems use the characteristics of an item to recommend similar items, while collaborative-based recommendation systems use the preferences of similar users to make recommendations. (1 point)
  8. Matrix factorization is a technique used in recommendation systems to factorize a user-item matrix into two lower-dimensional matrices, one representing users and the other representing items. This can be used to make predictions about a user's preferences. (1 point)
  9. The cold-start problem refers to the challenge of making recommendations for new users or items that have no previous data associated with them. This can be addressed by using techniques such as content-based recommendation or knowledge-based systems. (1 point)
  10. Artificial neural networks can be used in recommendation systems to learn complex patterns in the data and make predictions. This can be done by training a neural network to predict user preferences based on the characteristics of the items they have interacted with. (1 point)
  • SAMPLE QUESTIONS 2

  • SAMPLE ANSWERS

  • GRADING

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This set of questions are based on k-nearest neighbour.

  1. How does the k-nearest neighbor algorithm work in a recommendation system?
  2. In a recommendation system, how is the value of k determined for the k-nearest neighbor algorithm?
  3. How does the use of a k-nearest neighbor algorithm in a recommendation system compare to other collaborative filtering techniques?
  4. How does the k-nearest neighbor algorithm handle sparse data in a recommendation system?
  5. How does the k-nearest neighbor algorithm handle the cold start problem in a recommendation system?
  6. What are some potential issues with using a k-nearest neighbor algorithm in a recommendation system?
  7. How can the k-nearest neighbor algorithm be used to make personalized recommendations in a recommendation system?
  8. How can the k-nearest neighbor algorithm be combined with other techniques to improve the performance of a recommendation system?
  9. How does the k-nearest neighbor algorithm handle dynamic changes in user preferences in a recommendation system?
  10. How does the computational complexity of the k-nearest neighbor algorithm affect its scalability in a recommendation system?
  1. The k-nearest neighbor algorithm is a collaborative filtering technique used in recommendation systems. It works by finding the k-number of users in the system whose preferences are most similar to a given user and recommending items that those similar users have liked. The basic steps of the algorithm include: calculating the similarity between users, finding the k-nearest neighbors, and recommending items based on the preferences of those neighbors.
  2. The value of k is a hyperparameter in the k-nearest neighbor algorithm and can be determined through trial and error or using techniques such as cross-validation. The optimal value of k will depend on the size and characteristics of the dataset.
  3. The k-nearest neighbor algorithm is considered a memory-based collaborative filtering technique, as it compares the current user to other users in the system to make recommendations. Other collaborative filtering techniques include model-based approaches, which use a model to predict user preferences. The k-nearest neighbor algorithm has the advantage of being easy to implement and interpret, but can suffer from the problem of sparsity and cold start.
  4. The k-nearest neighbor algorithm can be affected by sparse data, where there is a lack of information about users or items. One way to address this issue is to use a weighted nearest neighbor approach, where the similarity between users is weighted based on the amount of information available.
  5. The cold start problem occurs when a new user or item is introduced to the system and there is not enough information available to make accurate recommendations. One solution to this problem is to use a hybrid approach that combines the k-nearest neighbor algorithm with other techniques, such as content-based filtering, to make recommendations for new users or items.
  6. One potential issue with the k-nearest neighbor algorithm is that it can be sensitive to the choice of k and the similarity metric used. Additionally, as the number of users or items in the system increases, the computational complexity of the algorithm can become a problem.
  7. The k-nearest neighbor algorithm can be used to make personalized recommendations by considering the preferences of the closest neighbors to a given user. This approach can take into account the unique preferences of each user and make recommendations that are tailored to those preferences.
  8. The k-nearest neighbor algorithm can be combined with other techniques, such as content-based filtering or matrix factorization, to improve the performance of a recommendation system. For example, the k-nearest neighbor algorithm can be used to make initial recommendations, which are then refined using a content-based approach.
  9. The k-nearest neighbor algorithm can handle dynamic changes in user preferences by continuously updating the similarity between users as new information becomes available. This can be done by periodically re-calculating the similarity between users or by using an online learning approach that updates the similarity in real-time.
  10. The computational complexity of the k-nearest neighbor algorithm is O(N*k) where N is the number of data points, so if the N is large and k is also large this algorithm could be computationally expensive. To overcome this problem, one could use approximate nearest neighbor techniques to speed up the computation.
  1. Marks will be awarded for a clear and accurate explanation of how the k-nearest neighbor algorithm works in a recommendation system, including a description of the basic steps involved and how it makes recommendations.
  2. Marks will be awarded for a clear explanation of how the value of k is determined for the k-nearest neighbor algorithm in a recommendation system, including any methods or techniques used to optimize the value of k.
  3. Marks will be awarded for a clear comparison of the use of a k-nearest neighbor algorithm in a recommendation system to other collaborative filtering techniques, including the strengths and weaknesses of each approach.
  4. Marks will be awarded for a clear explanation of how the k-nearest neighbor algorithm handles sparse data in a recommendation system, including any techniques used to overcome this issue.
  5. Marks will be awarded for a clear explanation of how the k-nearest neighbor algorithm handles the cold start problem in a recommendation system, including any methods used to overcome this issue.
  6. Marks will be awarded for a clear identification and discussion of potential issues with using a k-nearest neighbor algorithm in a recommendation system, including any methods used to mitigate or overcome these issues.
  7. Marks will be awarded for a clear explanation of how the k-nearest neighbor algorithm can be used to make personalized recommendations in a recommendation system, including a description of any techniques used to achieve this.
  8. Marks will be awarded for a clear explanation of how the k-nearest neighbor algorithm can be combined with other techniques to improve the performance of a recommendation system, including an explanation of how the techniques complement each other.
  9. Marks will be awarded for a clear explanation of how the k-nearest neighbor algorithm handles dynamic changes in user preferences in a recommendation system, including any methods used to update recommendations in response to changes.
  10. Marks will be awarded for a clear explanation of how the computational complexity of the k-nearest neighbor algorithm affects its scalability in a recommendation system and how this is handled
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